The Journal of L.M. Montgomery Studies would not be possible without the support of the editorial board, the wider Montgomery community, and many more people besides. The journal exists thanks to funding from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The journal has also been supported financially by the University of Prince Edward Island, particularly the L.M. Montgomery Institute (LMMI), the Offices of the President and the Vice-president—Academic and Research and the Robertson Library.

The journal is an official scholarly publication of the L.M. Montgomery Institute (LMMI) and Robertson Library. The LMMI has been a centre of Montgomery studies for more than twenty-five years, and as part of the LMMI’s twenty-fifth anniversary celebrations in 2018, the Journal was officially announced. This announcement represented the achievement of a long-time goal: the LMMI had for many years wanted to launch a journal and the twenty-fifth anniversary year seemed exactly the right time, especially now that the Institute has a Chair of L.M. Montgomery Studies at UPEI who works with the LMMI and the Faculty of Arts. The LMMI’s mandate has always involved both scholarly and public outreach work, including the biennial conferences, related publications, and, now, the Journal. At its official launch in June 2019, we were delighted to announce the arrival of a Montgomery journal here at the LMMI, UPEI, and in PEI, the heart of Montgomery’s real-and-imagined country.

The Chair of the L.M. Montgomery Institute Management Committee, Philip Smith, provides a wealth of moral support and institutional knowledge, allowing us to navigate the complex task of setting up a journal; the committee as a whole (on which it is also our privilege to serve)—Philip, Elizabeth Epperly, Laura Robinson, Donald Moses, Jean Mitchell, Tracy Doucette, Neb Kujundzic, and, most recently, Dave Hickey, Lesley Clement, and Yolanda Hood —is a source of wisdom, humour, and cheerleading. Melanie Fishbane and Rosemary Herbert are past members of the committee who are valued contributors to the founding of the Journal. We also extend our gratitude to Carolyn Collins and the Friends of the L.M. Montgomery Institute.

Donald Moses, UPEI’s University Librarian, and his web team, Alexander O’Neill and Rob Drew, have created and continue to maintain the Journal website—there would be no Journal without them. Thanks to Donald for all his advice on open access, copyright, Creative Commons, and other matters relating to the Journal, not to mention copious amounts of technical work on the website. Lesley Clement, the Journal co-editor since mid-2020, has been a tremendous addition to the Journal, growing the Journal in ever new and innovative ways through her work on two forthcoming special collections on vision and mental health, respectively, a virtual conference replacement (the 2020 Vision Forum), a series promoting the forum, and a series featuring mentoring advice. Simon Lloyd, University Archives and Special Collections librarian at UPEI, is a supremely thoughtful, helpful expert on Montgomery, copyright, and intersections between the two. Jane Ledwell is our ever-patient copy editor, who, with grace and keen eyes, ensures everything we publish is presentable and polished. Thanks Jane, too, for continuing to help us refine our style sheet.

We’d like to thank our authors, reviewers, and editorial board members for providing wonderful suggestions and edits to improve the website, submission process, and style sheet—because of these helpful, questioning scholars, the publication process continues to become clearer and easier for everyone.

Our deep appreciation goes to our Student Assistants, past and present, Cat Noseworthy, Heidi Haering, Alyssa Gillespie, Abbey McRoberts, Sarah Freeburn, and Barbara Rousseau, as well as Journal Coordinators Maya Clubine and Katherine Stratton, who as a group have tackled emails, organized folders, designed visual exhibits, created promotional material, uploaded articles, ensured edits are made to submissions, and posted to social media. Melanie Fishbane, as long-time LMMI web manager, planned and initially implemented the promotion of the journal virtually. Since mid-2021, Weiqi Tang has coordinated social media. Thank you both for making sure the the LMM community knows about the latest journal publications and news. Thanks also to the students who have, in their roles as LMMI social media assistants, promoted the Journal: Emma Doucette, Darriel Rolle, and MacKenzie Cutcliffe. 

We are deeply appreciative of Kate Macdonald Butler, the Heirs of L.M. Montgomery, Inc., and Sally Keefe Cohen’s support and knowledge. Thanks to all the members of the Montgomery community—rights holders, publishers, and interested parties—who have shared advice and enthusiasm, especially Elizabeth Epperly, Mary Rubio, Kathryn Harvey (Guelph), Cailen Swain (OUP), Kevin Rice and Kathleen MacKinnon (Confederation Centre of the Arts), and Cathy Dillon.

Many UPEI staff members have also made the Journal possible: special thanks to the former UPEI President Alaa Abd – El-Aziz and Interim Vice-president–Academic and Research Katherine Gottschall-Pass, who have both been staunch supporters of L.M. Montgomery studies at UPEI. Many thanks also to past-UPEI Vice-president—Academic and Research Robert Gilmour, as well as to Kristy McKinney, Meghan Van Gaal, Lauren Keefe Hogan, Bridget Morriscey, Judy Gauthier, Kim Mears, Stephanie Palmer, and Krista MacLean.

And, finally but so far from least, here’s to our Editorial Board members, who together contribute a wealth of global, multidisciplinary Montgomery expertise, bringing their enthusiasm and expertise to bear on all journal matters including commas and copyright, publication agreements and peer review, and, of course, Montgomery’s life and legacy. We are delighted that the journal’s honorary patron is Jane Urquhart. Like L.M. Montgomery, Jane Urquhart is an internationally celebrated and beloved Canadian writer. In light of Montgomery’s influence on her own writing, Urquhart is a champion of Montgomery on the national and international stages. We are so honoured that Jane Urquhart is continuing her contributions to Montgomery’s legacy by supporting this journal.  

For their pioneering work on Montgomery’s life and works, we celebrate Elizabeth Waterston, Mary Rubio, and Elizabeth Epperly as honorary editors and thank them deeply for supporting our new journal. Thanks to Laura Robinson and Jean Mitchell for being at the forefront of our editorial board as consulting editors. Betsy, Laura, and Jean have provided advice, guidance, and much-needed third opinions on individual articles and broader journal matters; we are so fortunate to have this formidable threesome’s knowledge, experience, and collegiality on our side.  

Thank you all.

Dr. Kate Scarth (Editor/Chair of L.M. Montgomery Studies, UPEI)

& Dr. Emily Woster (Founding Co-editor, L.M. Montgomery Institute, UPEI)


Journal of L.M. Montgomery Studies, June 2022 



Most of Montgomery’s novels were first published in the United States, and US copyright law has deemed all works published there before 1923 to be public domain. Works published from 1923 to 1963, for which copyright was renewed, are protected for 95 years after the original publication date. Please note that the following Montgomery novels will remain under copyright protection in the United States for 95 years from date of publication:

Emily Climbs (1925), The Blue Castle (1926), Emily’s Quest (1927), Magic for Marigold (1929), A Tangled Web (1931), Pat of Silver Bush (1933), Mistress Pat (1935), Anne of Windy Poplars (1936), Jane of Lantern Hill (1937), and Anne of Ingleside (1939).

Permission requests for reproduction of these novels in the United States, beyond the extent allowed by fair use, should be directed to the Heirs of L.M. Montgomery Inc. directly at


L.M. Montgomery, Emily of New Moon, The Story Girl, and The Blue Castle are trademarks of Heirs of L.M. Montgomery Inc.

Anne of Green Gables and other indicia of “Anne” are trademarks and Canadian official marks of the Anne of Green Gables Licensing Authority Inc.



This research was supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.